Breathe SVG

Playing with SVGs is fun. Making them by hand and optimizing them, even more so.

The “Brent Logan” with the embedded heart in this site’s heading is an SVG. The heart at the bottom of each post is an SVG. This “breathing” circle is an SVG.

I’m amazed how small SVGs can be. This circle, including the animation, is less than 240 characters. That’s smaller than a tweet.

Here’s the code:

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 2 2"><circle cx="1" cy="1" r="1" fill="#08c" style="animation:b 9s infinite"/><style>@keyframes b {0%,to{transform-origin:center;transform:scale(.2)}50%{transform:scale(1)}}</style></svg>

I started this exercise animating the heart to “breathe.” I wanted something to watch and synchronize my breathing with to relax and destress. I knew SVG would be a quick way to get there. So I modified the “beating heart” SVG I already had.

Here’s the modified “breathing heart” code:

<svg viewBox="0 0 23 22"><path stroke="#c23" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-width="13" d="M6.6 6.6q1 3 5 6 4-3 5-6" style="animation:b 9s infinite"/><style>@keyframes b{0%,to{transform-origin:center;transform:scale(.2)}50%{transform:scale(1)}</style></svg>

Although it’s only 290 characters, I knew I could go smaller, hence, the breathing circle.

Along the way, I learned interesting things about defaults, browser prefixing, and CSS animation. Good times!

Update. I got the breathing circle down to 147 characters! That’s barely larger than an old-style tweet.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="-4 -4 8 8"><circle/><style>circle{r:4;animation:b 9s infinite}@keyframes b{50%{r:1}}</style></svg>

Yeah, I did lose a little along the way: the circle is now black and the smaller size changed slightly.

Using what I learned on the breathing circle, I was able to get the breathing heart down to 232 characters. That’s smaller than the blue breathing circle at the top of this post!

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="-12 -10 24 22"><path d="M-5-3q1 3 5 6 4-3 5-6"/><style>svg{animation:b 9s infinite;stroke:#c23;stroke-width:13;stroke-linecap:round}@keyframes b{50%{transform:scale(.2)}</style></svg>

I kept the heart’s color as-is!

Update 2. I kept reading that the xmlns namespace attribute wasn’t necessary for an SVG that’s embedded directly within an HTML document, but I couldn’t make it happen in WordPress without the SVG code getting munged. That is, until I tried putting it in an HTML sidebar widget. Only 112 characters!

<svg viewbox="-4 -4 8 8"><circle/><style>circle{r:4;animation:b 9s infinite}@keyframes b{50%{r:1}}</style></svg>

Interestingly, the success is not universal. It seems to work everywhere except Firefox which complains about r as an invalid property. It’s not interpreting it as an SVG. I also discovered that uBlock Origin notices its initial size is zero pixels and blocks it as a potential web tracker.

Author: Brent Logan

Engineer. Lawyer. WordPress geek. Longboarder. Blood donor. Photographer. More about Brent.

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